There is a lot of confusion about the difference between mayors and governors. They both head the lower levels of government, but they have different responsibilities and powers. This blog post will clear up the confusion and outline the key differences between these two influential political figures!
Difference between Mayor and Governor
The difference between a mayor and a governor is that a governor has more power as compared to the mayor. A governor oversees a large territory while the mayor has authority over a small locality. The governor is regarded as the head of the executive branch of the state, and the mayor is the head of the local level of government. But mayors for big cities tend to be more powerful than governors. They are “usually under the umbrella of the governor’s influence” [Source]. It is noted that a governor can be either affiliated to politics or not, such as bank and school governor.
Do the people elect Mayors?
According to various governance systems, mayors are elected by voters across the entire city [Source].
Are Mayors in charge of Government Properties?
The word “mayor” refers to the head of municipal government. This means that mayors are involved with city and council operations. The municipality, in conjunction with the council, is responsible for government properties distributed in cities and towns, and this makes the mayor also responsible for those state properties.
Mayors are responsible for building projects for the city
Since the mayor works together with the municipality and council, they are directly involved in projects taking place in a city. As the authority of a particular town or city, a mayor must ensure that the socio-economic status of their residents is in step with the rest of the nation. This includes promoting projects that enhance the livelihood of the people. The duties of a mayor include overseeing a city’s main departments, which are the police, fire, education, housing, and transport departments. [Source].
Are Governors elected by the people?
Under the US laws, “Governors are elected by the people of each state and territory” [Source], and their re-election into office depends on how the voters feel about a governor’s conduct in office. Thus, governors become officials elected by the people and would be expected to deliver to the general public.
Governors are in charge of the state
Governors are in charge of the state they are elected or appointed. A governor represents the head of the executive branch of the state, and their responsibility covers a wide geographical area[Source].
Governors are responsible for building projects for the state
Governors are tasked to look after a state and its well-being. In other views, they will be seen as the head of state at their level of governance and have to execute duties that ensure a decent standard of living for all. Authority over a state implies resolving socio-economic and political difficulties in a given state and developing all necessary projects to support it.
Governor is the highest government position in a state
All 50 state constitutions establish the Governor as the chief executive of a state, making them the most powerful official in that government. Governors are responsible for executing state laws and administering the executive branch of the government. Other executive officials report to them.
Governor vs. Mayor authority
A governor is in charge of a state, and a mayor is in charge of a city or town [Source], and this means a mayor can operate under a governor. The governor is the chief executive, making them the nominal leader of a state. The mayor’s authority is limited to the local government. It cannot extend beyond the confinements of their city’s boundaries. In the US, there are 50 governors and “thousands and thousands of mayors”; thus, mayors occupy a lower level of authority. Governors have authority over the whole state government.
Does the Mayor report to the Governor?
In the US, municipalities are viewed as subunits of the state, which implies that the mayor is directly answerable to the governor in charge of a state that includes their city or town. John Lockwood argued that a mayor “cannot overrule the governor’s actions though he can take him to court on a particular action!” [Source].