Inflation is a huge economic force that affects every aspect of our lives. One area where inflation has a strong impact is the housing market. Prices for homes are largely dictated by the inflation rate, which means that inflation can hugely influence buyers and investors.
Do House Prices go up during Inflation?
Houses are assets whose value keeps increasing depending on the prevailing economic conditions. During inflation, housing prices tend to rise as a reaction to the hiked prices on the market. These prices depend solely on the local currency’s buying or purchasing power [Source]. There is a correlation between inflation and the price [Source]; thus, inflation directly affects house prices, and the house prices will be hiked as market prices go up.
How Inflation affects Real Estate
Real estate is considered an asset, especially in an unstable economical environment. Most real estate owners enjoy rent profits, which is a good investment. When prices keep rising during inflation, renting rates at real estate also increase, making these businesses very profitable. Also, real estate is a property investment, so the property value of the real estate rises along with prices on the market [Source]. In an inflationary period, property value and rental income keep up with inflation for an extended period. The result will be high asset prices.
Inflation and Housing Market 2022
According to Forbes Advisor, the price of a single-family home will increase by more than 20% in 2022. Economist Nadia Evangelou of the National Association of Realtors predicted that rates would be averaging around 5.7% by late 2022 [Source].
Director of Operations at Mortgage Bank of California Tabitha Mazzara commented on the rising house prices and said, “If you’re waiting for prices to plummet to what they were in the past suddenly, you’re making a mistake.” Mazzara added that “The Fed has promised another interest rate boost. If you’re ready to buy, don’t wait because prices aren’t headed dramatically downwards to what our parents paid. Things might dip a bit, but no cliff dives will happen”.
Inflation has influenced the housing market to increase its prices, and they will only come down if the inflation rate decreases.
What happens to Land Prices during Inflation?
The land market is also affected during inflation since it is part of the economy. The land is considered one of the major assets one can acquire. Some economists argue that land value never decreases and is valued according to the prevailing economic conditions [Source]. Buying land is a big investment that will benefit the land owner.
So, the land price also increases during inflation.
What happens to House Prices during Deflation?
The current economic conditions influence house prices. During a deflation, “the values of real estate drop, the cash flows drop” [Source].
Inflation and Real Estate 2021
In other areas, records show that inflation increased by 17% in rents for logistics property [Source]. But in Europe, inflation was lower, so the rents only rose more than 7%.
How does Inflation affect Commercial Real Estate?
Inflation forces the Fed to raise its interest rates, and higher interests make it expensive for anyone to borrow money. This affects real estate investors since they rely on debt to purchase assets. Such an increase in the cost of debt results in less demand and inflicts a decline in commercial real estate value [Source].
Hyperinflation Housing Market
A hyperinflation housing market means that house prices will increase at more or less the same rate as compared to the inflation rate. As the buying power of money decreases, most people fail to buy houses, but this does not stop house prices from increasing. Demand for homes might reduce for the general populace, but investors in the commercial real estate sector can benefit by purchasing more assets [Source].
Housing prices vs. Inflation 2020
Since the pandemic’s start, economists reported that the rise in home prices “exceeded overall inflation by 168%” [Source], affecting the number of people who could buy homes.